The GREAT South African Trampoline Safari: Part 1

 by Dagmar Nissen Munn and Ron Munn

"How the Sport of Trampoline was Introduced to South Africa"

Image: Yathin sk
Since time began on the African continent 
only the springboks jumped up and down.

Springboks are long-eared cousins of the gazelle and possess the innate ability to jump vertically - - sometimes reaching heights of over sixteen feet! A height that went unchallenged until the year 1959 - - which was when the first trampoline landed in South Africa - - and humans have out-jumped the springboks ever since!

In South Africa, the new sport of trampoline grew and prospered so quickly that only fifteen years later, in 1974, Johannesburg was selected to host the 8th World Trampoline & Tumbling Championships. 

What follows is how the sport of trampoline 
was introduced to South Africa.

Our historical safari begins in northern Europe, when in 1954, a team of Swedish gymnasts accepted the invitation for a goodwill tour of the United States. The goal of this thirty state tour, orchestrated mainly by Gene Wettstone, men's gymnastics coach at Penn State University, was to give American gymnasts the opportunity to experience Olympic level competition. 

Eight of the Swedish gymnasts in the group had already competed for Sweden in the 1952 Olympics, and they looked forward to the opportunity to show off their skills against their American university counterparts - - by way of the many special competitions that were scheduled throughout their tour. 
Accompanying the Swedish team were two renowned gymnasts - - guest judge, Olle Areborn, and the group's interpreter, Helmut Rohnish.

When the group reached their midway point; Iowa City, Iowa, George Nissen extended an invitation for Areborn and Rohnish to come visit his Nissen Trampoline Company, located nearby in the city of Cedar Rapids. 

Developed in the 1930's by George Nissen and Larry Griswold, the modern trampoline had by 1954, been embraced by American colleges as a men's gymnastics apparatus event. This was the first time the two Swedes had ever laid eyes on a trampoline and immediately they became intrigued.

Trampoline students in Helmut Rohnish's class.
In Sweden, Helmut Rohnish happened to own a business that sold gymnastics apparatus, so once the tour was over, he contacted George Nissen and promptly placed an order for Sweden's first Nissen trampoline.

Swedish students learning how to trampoline.

Learning trampoline somersaults in Sweden.

By 1957 (six Nissen trampolines later) Rohnish organized the first Swedish Trampoline Championships, in Orebro, Sweden. 

Among the eager competitors was a fellow by the name of Sӧren Jonsson, who won first place in optional routines and second in the compulsory division. 

Meanwhile, for Swedish gymnastics coach Olle Areborn, 1956 found him responding to a newspaper advertisement seeking Swedish gymnastics instructors for South Africa. 

In South Africa, early forms of gymnastics had been practiced since the late 1800s. Initially used as a conditioning system for the military, the sport eventually evolved into the more traditional style that was practiced throughout all of Europe. Even though teams of gymnasts from South Africa regularly attended the Olympic Games competitions, they unfortunately up to this point of time had not won any medals for their home country. 

By 1956,  the Wanderer's Athletic Club in Johannesburg, under the direction of Dennis Simmons, had become the center for gymnastics training for all of South Africa. And Simmons believed it was time to improve his country's standing in the international arena so it was he, who placed the ads in several European newspapers searching for competent instructors  - - and it was Olle Areborn and his wife Ragna (a champion gymnast as well) who responded.

Following their arrival in Johannesburg, the Areborn's were an immediate success. Together they worked in the Wanderer's Club gym nearly eight hours a day, teaching novice through elite level classes with waiting lists for every class.

Being pleased with the Areborn's progress in Johannesburg, Simmons' next focus was on Pretoria, the capital city of South Africa. With approval from the South Africa Gymnastics Union, Dennis Simmons and Olle Areborn contacted Swedish gymnast (and now the Swedish national trampoline champion) Sӧren Jonsson, offering him a two year contract to lead the gymnastics program in Pretoria. Sӧren accepted and arrived in South Africa in December of 1957.
The Wanderer's Club, Johannesburg, South Africa - circa 1954

Meanwhile, the sport of trampoline had begun to take hold over all of Europe. 

George Nissen and his U.S. Nissen Trampoline Company, now had an additional factory in the U.K., under the able direction of Ted Blake. Kurt Baechler of Switzerland, was appointed Nissen's representative for Europe, and together from this strong base Ted and Kurt coordinated trampoline demonstrations, clinics and teacher training course throughout all of Europe and the U.K. 
Frank LaDue, Kurt Baechler, Annie & George Nissen, Duane Bruce
-1958 -

Ted and Kurt were soon joined by U.S. trampoline champions Frank LaDue and Duane Bruce, as well as George Nissen and his wife Annie. 

George and Annie Nissen receiving honors at the 
Nissen-Eterna Cup - Wassen, Switzerland - 1958

Nissen's promotional activity culminated with with the first all-Europe trampoline competition - -  the "Nissen-Eterna Cup," held in Wassen, Switzerland, in 1958.

Well aware of the trampoline's growing popularity in Europe, Olle Areborn and Sӧren Jonsson were eager to bring the new sport to South Africa as well. But, they knew that first they'd have to generate interest - - big interest.

So, late in December of 1958, Areborn invited George Nissen and his trampoline team to come to South Africa for a several week tour of demonstrations.

Of course, George thought it was a splendid idea and promptly organized the trip - - making sure that a trampoline was shipped ahead in order to be waiting for the group's planned arrival in March. 
Olle Areborn
Elated at the good news and wanting to ensure success, Areborn decided to introduce the trampoline across the broadest audience of South Africans as was possible. He lined up demonstrations at public events and government agencies as well as a number of college and universities throughout the land.

George Nissen, accompanied by his wife Annie, 8-year old daughter Dagmar and United States champion trampolinist Frank LaDue, arrived in Johannesburg in March of 1959.

Sӧren Jonsson, the Swedish trampoline champion, now teaching in Pretoria was invited along to join in on the demonstrations. The group followed Areborn's pre-arranged schedule which began with ten performances at the big Witwatersrand Easter Show in Johannesburg. 

At that time, the Witwatersrand Easter Show held the title of being the largest consumer exhibition in the world (outside of the U.S.); attracting several hundred thousand visitors annually. Besides hosting several large exhibition halls that showcased modern and historical displays, the highlight of the exposition was the daily show held in the grand open-air arena. And in 1959, the audience enjoyed viewing their first trampoline demonstration!  

George Nissen bouncing with the Captain  of
the Pretoria Police College - 1959
The team then traveled to Pretoria; South Africa's capital city. Wowing the crowds at the Pretoria Teacher's College, the Pretoria Police College and - - adding on several more performances for the Pretoria Agricultural Show at Milner Park.

George Nissen at the Pretoria Police College, Pretoria, SA - 1959

The final days of the trip were left open in order to enjoy South Africa's many tourist attractions. These included a tour of the local gold mining operations with performances by the Mine Dancers, plus a trip to Kruger National Park to observe animals in the wild.
Demonstration by the Mine Dancers

By the end of the tour, the Pretoria Police College was the first to order a trampoline.

In addition, George wisely offered to leave behind the Nissen trampoline that was used in the demonstrations - - a trampoline that Sӧren Jonsson gladly accepted. Sӧren took the trampoline back to Pretoria, and later during the same year of 1959, used it to open the very first trampoline school in the country!

L-R: George, Dagmar and Annie Nissen leaving South Africa in 1959

Although Olle was extremely pleased with how much had been accomplished so far, he knew he needed to keep the "trampoline momentum" going.

So, as 1959 drew to a close, Olle Areborn extended yet another invitation to George Nissen. 

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The GREAT South African Trampoline Safari: Part 2

"How the Sport of Trampoline was Introduced to South Africa"

Following his successful trampoline tours of Europe and South Africa, George Nissen's trampoline business continued to flourish.

In December of 1959, while making plans to attend the annual National Gymnastics Clinic, held in Sarasota, Florida - - George received a letter from Olle Areborn in South Africa.

Olle wrote that Sӧren Jonsson's fledgling trampoline school in Pretoria was doing extremely well. The Pretoria Police College was happy with their trampoline, the Pretoria Teacher’s College had just purchased one as well and a trampoline was now being used at the Wanderer’s Club in Johannesburg. Finally, Olle shared the real reason behind his letter: the Witwatersrand Easter Show in Johannesburg wanted another U.S. trampoline team to return to South Africa for a series of performances in March 1960 - - now, only three months away!

George knew he could possibly pull a demonstration team together from the many trampoline athletes attending the Florida clinic. Luck and opportunity prevailed; while at the clinic George happened to ask U.S. trampoline champions Ed Cole and Ron Munn if they would be interested in a trip to South Africa. The two young men quickly accepted the offer - - and even promised to assist George by personally hand picking the rest of the team.

Ed Cole and Ron Munn quickly contacted Charlie Bates, Chuck Clarkson, Ann Coleman and U.S. tumbling and trampoline champion Barbara Galleher, who all eagerly agreed to join the tour.
Ed Cole's car parked at the Nissen Trampoline Company - 1960
By late January 1960, the six athletes met up in Cedar Rapids and spent the next four weeks in the Nissen factory gym rehearsing their performances, which included a demonstration of synchronized routines using four trampolines. Meanwhile, George contacted Ted Blake at the U.K. Nissen factory and arranged to have the trampolines shipped directly from the U.K. over to Olle Areborn in Johannesburg. 

March finally arrived and the excited team began their adventure: a 42-day tour of South Africa to demonstrate the trampoline.

But, at their first stop in Paris, airline officials pulled the group aside. 

Seems that during all their frenzied pre-planning, the team had failed to obtain visas for South Africa!

A short discussion with representatives of Union de Transports Aériens (U.T.A.), the airlines servicing South Africa from France resulted in the use of a special rule - - that allowed the team to travel forward only if they all signed special forms that released the airlines from any liability. 

Relieved, the six Americans quickly added their signatures to the paperwork and boarded the U.T.A. prop-plane for the 36-hour flight to Johannesburg, including the then required fuel stops in Nice, Tripoli, Kano, Brazzaville, and Salisbury. 

Luckily, Olle along with the Witwatersrand Show representatives were at the Johannesburg airport to welcome the very tired travelers, and assist with navigation through customs and immigration.

Chuck Clarkson, Ron Munn, Charlie Bates, Ed Cole
arriving in South Africa. 1960

Barbara Galleher arriving in  South Africa -1960

Following their first night in Johannesburg the group then traveled by train to the coastal city of East London, where their pre-shipped trampolines were waiting to be assembled. One week of performances at the East London agricultural show helped the Americans adjust to the nine hour time difference and to fine-tune their performances. 

Ron Munn checks out the trampoline team's loaner car in East London - 1960
Train that took the team from Johannesburg
 to East London, S.A.

A train ride back to Johannesburg delivered them in time for their scheduled three weeks at the Witwatersrand Easter Show.

Ed Cole and Barbara Galleher performing on the trampoline - 1960

April 9, 1960 - - Opening day at the Witwatersrand Easter Show. Many of the country's top dignitaries were seated in the large grandstand, including the country's Prime Minister, Dr. Hendrik F. Verwoerd. Already in their performance uniforms and waiting for the rest of their team to join them, Ed and Ron thought they'd sneak a peek at the show and check out activity already going on in the arena. Suddenly - - above them from where they were standing, a small commotion in the grandstand caught their attention. Looking up they watched as a man with a handgun ran up to P.M. Dr. Verwoerd, and - - fired off a shot!

From their vantage point below, Ed and Ron not only witnessed the country's Prime Minister being shot, they also watched in awe the chaos that followed. This included the herding of animals and people from the arena, an ambulance driving in to whisk away the injured Dr. Verwoerd and law enforcement officers grappling with the shooter.

Needless to say, neither the American trampoline team nor any of the other attractions performed that day!

But within days, the show did go on - - and thankfully remained uneventful for the remaining three weeks of scheduled performances.

Charles Bates, Ron Munn, Ann Coleman, Olle Areborn, Barbara Galleher, 
Chuck Clarkson and Ed Cole. 1960

Trampoline demonstration at the Rand Show - 1960

During the remainder of the tour, Ron fell in love with South Africa, so when Olle offered up the idea for Ron to stay back to further help promote and develop the sport of trampolining in South Africa - - the decision was an easy one! 

Their plans included the continuation of shows and performances by Ron throughout the country as well as the idea of opening trampoline jump centers, similar to those becoming popular in the United States at that time. With these ambitions in mind, Ron and Olle shook hands to become partners in their future endeavors.

But first, Ron needed to fulfill the last of the group's tour obligations, which included stops in Freiburg, Germany, and Zurich, Switzerland, for the first international trampoline competition between athletes from the U.S.A., Switzerland and Germany. 

As the current 1959 United States national champion and now, winning these international competitions, Ron realized he held the title of being the best trampolinist in the world. Which helped him feel better about his surprise decision to return to South Africa. 

Following the competition in Germany, the team began their long journey home to the United States and while at the Zurich stop, Ron followed through with his plans and cashed in the remainder of his ticket to the USA for a return ticket to South Africa. 

Ron said his good-byes as the team took off for America and by afternoon he was anticipating his own flight back to Johannesburg - - and looking forward to what would be an adventure of a lifetime.

But life had a few curve balls headed his way!

At the Zurich-to-Johannesburg gate, airline officials noticed that Ron lacked an entrance visa for South Africa.

"No problem..." Ron told them (remembering how easily the issue had been resolved at the start of the tour), "...I'll just sign your release form and be on my way."

"Big problem," the officials replied, "The release form only works if you have a letter of invitation from someone in South Africa."

Seems the handshake and verbal agreement Ron made with Olle Areborn didn't count!

Only one flight left Zurich for South Africa every Wednesday and Sunday - - and today was Wednesday! If Ron missed this flight he’d have to wait four days before catching the next flight out! Checking his pockets Ron discovered that no matter how he counted, he didn't have enough money for an unplanned stay in Zurich. 

Fortunately, the airlines offered to take care of the visa application details and even offered up a free hotel room while he waited. Relieved, Ron quickly sent a cable to Olle who, anticipating Ron's speedy return had already built up a busy schedule of trampoline performances. Suddenly, it would all have to be put on hold!

Three days of waiting passed and when Saturday arrived Ron received bad news. The airline representative called and said they couldn't obtain Ron's visa; Ron would have to do it in person at the South African embassy - - which was not in Zurich but - - located 77 miles away in the city of Berne. Then the airline representative added, as of Sunday morning they would no longer pay for his hotel room! 

Receiving this shocking news and in total desperation, Ron made a collect phone call to his father in Texas hoping for a small loan to help tide things over. Luckily the loan came through and the following Monday, Ron rode the train to Berne, walked into the South African embassy, completed his application and returned to Zurich to wait until Friday - - four long days away. 

On Friday, Ron made the 77-mile trip once again to Berne - - and with much relief, he collected his hard-earned visa.

Sunday couldn't come fast enough and when it did, Ron eagerly boarded his flight to Johannesburg - - to follow his new-found dream:

To begin his business ventures with Olle Areborn and help the trampoline expand throughout South Africa.  

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The GREAT South African Trampoline Safari: Part 3

"How the Sport of Trampoline was Introduced to South Africa"

Many firsts for South Africa happened as a result of Ron Munn’s decision to not return to the United States and to instead go back to Johannesburg to partner with Olle Areborn. These included: South Africa's first trampoline school, first trampoline camp, first outdoor trampoline center and the first graded national trampoline competition.


With the establishment of Trampoline Company of S.A. (PTY.) LTD., in May of 1960, Ron Munn and Olle Areborn became formal business partners. Their goals at the time were simply to make and sell trampolines throughout South Africa. But this dream required start-up income and customers, of which they had none. So Ron hit the road performing in numerous shows and demonstrations throughout the Transvaal region while in turn Olle set about locating facilities that would meet their needs for the production of trampolines.
Ron Munn and friend traveling to his show - 1960
For 20-year old Ron Munn, the next several months were a true adventure. Driving throughout South Africa’s countryside in a used Land Rover with a trampoline strapped on top he performed nearly “anywhere and everywhere.” Including many local county fairs where he discovered that adding a few jokes in the local Afrikaans - - with his Texas accent, had audiences rolling in the aisles.
Whenever back in Johannesburg, Ron shared an apartment with Ray Burer, a South African athlete who as an outstanding swimmer in the United States had attended Southern Methodist University (S.M.U.), in Dallas, Texas. Ron had been introduced to Ray by fellow S.M.U. alumni Barbara Galleher, one of the members of the recent U.S. team tour. 

By 1960, the craze of outdoor trampoline jump centers had hit an all-time high in the United States and believing it could be a lucrative business in South Africa as well, Olle and Ron decided to contact their good friend George Nissen. They inquired if his Nissen Trampoline Company would be interested in working together with them to help start up production. George was very interested, but he explained the timing was bad. Besides trying to keep up with the soaring demand for trampolines for all the outdoor trampoline jump centers throughout the United States, as well as moving his employees and machines to a new factory slated to open January, 1961 - - he was also introducing a new line of chrome gymnastics apparatus. 

This left Olle and Ron with only one other option; to contact American Athletic, in Jefferson, Iowa - - who jumped at the opportunity to create a South African connection. The contract with American Athletic provided Trampoline Company of S.A. (PTY.), LTD., with blueprints to manufacture folding trampolines and the procurement of both completed web-beds along with solid Lumite material that was used as the jumping surface for outdoor in-ground trampolines.

Trampoline Company of S.A. (PTY.) LTD., still lacked a facility so Olle turned to a Norwegian friend, Hilmar Nielson. In addition to Hilmar’s interest in joining as a third business partner, his steelworks company in Johannesburg offered space for the fledgling trampoline business to set up shop.

Trampoline springs were locally-made and a South African woman was hired to sew up the imported Lumite material. Together the three partners produced the very first trampolines made in South Africa, which included: folding competitive trampolines, mini-trampolines and Dive-olines (mini-trampolines with an attached ladder used at swimming pools).

However, it was the sales of backyard pit (in-ground) trampolines that led to their initial success.

Using the format of outdoor trampoline jump centers in the United States as their model, Ron and Olle chose the city of Durban, a family holiday destination, located on the coast of South Africa for their first outdoor trampoline jump center.  

But during the initial visit with Durban city council members to discuss availability of land for their project, the two men quickly learned it would not be as easy as they had thought. While somewhat receptive, the council refused to lease the requested beachfront land.  Although disappointed, the three men did not give up and continued to pursue the council, pitching that a trampoline jump center would be an added attraction for the city’s beachfront area. Finally the council relented but not without stipulating that the trampoline jump center was restricted to an area of beach sand and only with a three month lease.

All along Ron and Olle had planned for an outdoor trampoline jump center on solid ground with the pits under the trampolines dug from the dirt below - - just like the ones they read about in the United States. A trampoline jump center on beach sand seemed near impossible! Despite this setback the partners agreed to take a chance and soon created a system whereby the trampolines were laid out over sand pits. This meant holes were dug in the sand and to prevent the sand walls from caving in steel posts and corrugated metal were inserted. Only then were the angle iron frames carefully laid on top.

Their beach-sand trampoline jump center opened just in time for the 1960 Christmas season, when many South Africans traveled to the coast to spend their holidays. Despite the challenges of hot sand under the feet of waiting bouncers, the nightly digging out of accumulated sand from the bottom of the pits and tense moments when a high-tide flooded all the trampolines - - the Durban beachfront outdoor trampoline jump center was a tremendous success. So much that, the city council extended the lease indefinitely!

Ron Munn with the manager of Claridges Hotel

Ron stayed on in Durban for about a month to oversee the center and during that time had a booking with the night club, Cafe de Paris, in the Claridges Hotel, for nightly performances on the trampoline - - all which made for very full days!
Ron Munn performing at Cafe du Paris

Throughout 1960 and 1961, Ron, Olle and Hilmar expanded their business to include additional jump centers installed in the cities of Margate, Port Elizabeth and Johannesburg.

Jungle Oats, a popular local brand of cereal contracted with Ron to have him help advertise their product. This resulted in numerous full-page newspaper ads as well as short featured ads in local movie theaters.  

A new niche market was created when Ron and Olle sold several in-ground trampolines to the local mining industry for recreational use by the miners.

Ron and Olle demonstrating the trampoline at the Mine Dancer's arena - 1961

The entertainment and recreation value of trampolines was an easy sell, but for the trampoline to be accepted as a competitive sport - - trampoline schools, clubs and sanctioned competitions were needed as well.

In Pretoria, Sorën Jonnson’s students at the Teacher’s Technical College were bouncing on the original Nissen trampoline that George Nissen left behind following his demonstration tour in 1959.

Two of the four trampolines used by Ron and his teammates during their 1960 tour were purchased by brothers Syd and Martin Trimmer and used to to establish a trampoline school in the Old Mutual Building Sports Club located in Capetown. Word spread of their classes and soon so many non-club athletes wanted to join that the management opened enrollment to anyone interested. Recognized Springbok divers as well as those from the provinces came to refine their skills and learn “spatial orientation.” Even a circus performer came in for lessons!

Following Ron’s simple method of promotion, Syd and Martin put on trampoline displays of their own throughout the Western Cape region which in turn generated the rise of more trampoline schools and clubs across the provinces.

At the King David School in Johannesburg, Jannie Jansen, who was Deputy Principal and in charge of the school's physical education, purchased a trampoline to add to the student's curriculum. Janie quickly became one of the leading advocates and supporters of trampoline as a competitive sport.   

Despite all the activity of selling and manufacturing trampolines as well as opening outdoor jump centers, even Ron Munn managed to open a trampoline school. Operating under the name of the SAGA Trampoline School and located at the Johannesburg Technical College, he had only one trampoline but students enrolled and eagerly learned the fundamentals of this exciting new activity.

By November 1961, Ron traveled back to the United States for a much anticipated visit with his parents in Amarillo, Texas. But life had one more curve ball for him as well - - Awaiting his arrival was a letter from the U.S. Army informing him that he was being drafted into military service. Quickly requesting an extension, Ron explained his business interests in South Africa and was allowed an extension of only one year.

Upon his return to South Africa, Ron and Olle decided it was time to open a permanent trampoline school and company sales office. They found adequate space on Noord Street in Johannesburg and moved classes from the SAGA site to the new Ron Munn Trampoline School.  

As 1961 came to a close and the Christmas season arrived, Ron and Olle rented a campground outside the city of Margate and offered a week of trampoline training to anyone in the Natal area. Among the attending campers was Ian McNaughton, who in five years - - would go on to represent South Africa in the 1966 World Trampoline Championships placing 4th in the men's division. 

Ron Munn instructs campers attending trampoline camp - 1961

Campers and instructors at trampoline camp - 1961
(click on photo to enlarge)
L-R: Ron Munn, Olle Areborn, Kieth Anderson, Roy Yelseth,
Ragna Areborn and Harold Yelseth - 1961
Many of South Africa's future champions can track their first bounce on a trampoline to these early years. These included: Derick Lotz, Ian McNaughton, Marijke Van den Boogaard, Spencer Wiggens, Neil Yelseth, Stephen Pelser, Valken de Villiers, Jennifer Liebenberg, Lorraine Hoffland, Stephanie Smith and many, many more. 

Mr. Dennis MacIldowie  
Participation in trampoline clubs and schools grew to the point where in May of 1962, all interested parties attended a meeting that resulted in the selection of a steering committee, structuring of a constitution and the organization of a graded trampoline competition. At a follow-up meeting the Transvaal Provincial Association (TPS) and South African Trampoline Union (SATU) were formed. Dennis MacIldowie was elected president and Charles Dorey as Chairman.

Mr. Charles Dorey

In September of 1962, at the Wanderers Club in Johannesburg, South Africa’s first national graded trampoline championships were held. The well-attended competition sanctioned by the South Africa Gymnastics Union also saw the establishment of the annual MacIldowie Trophy (named in honor of President MacIldowie). 

Top places in the men's division went to: 

1.Neil Yelseth, 2. Martin Trimmer, 3. Peter Melvin, 4. Adrian Dorey.  

Winners of the women's division were: 

1. Marijke Van den Boogaard, 2. Pam Melvin.

During that same month, Ron made the decision to sell out of his interest in Trampoline Company of S.A. (PTY.) LTD., and return to the United States to fulfill his military obligations. Just prior to leaving the country he, Olle, and Hilmar met with the two owners of a new start-up trampoline business that was also located in Johannesburg.  

While saying his good byes at the airport, Ron made the suggestion to Olle that rather than being in competition with the new group, he should consider merging the two companies together. 

Olle said he’d have to think about it.

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